8 Scientific Ideas You Really SHOULD Know

When scientists attempt to describe and model how nature and the universe around us works they have many tools at their disposal. These tools come in the form of scientific laws and scientific theories, and it is important that a distinction should be made between the two!

A scientific law can be reduced down to a mathematical statement, or equation. One of the most famous of these examples is Einstein’s E = mc². These scientific laws are specific statements that are based on empirical data. In this example we have E as energy, m as mass and c as the speed of light in a vacuum, which is a certain value.

scientific theory is an attempt to formulate a body of evidence or a collection of observations made of a particular phenomena. Quite frequently this theory is a larger, yet still testable, statement that attempts to describe the inner workings of nature. It is not always possible to reduce a scientific theory down to just a singular statement or equation, but it does present something fundamental about the workings of the universe.



The standard basis of the scientific method forms the base of both these laws and theories – the generation of a hypothesis, testing this hypothesis, and finding (or indeed often not finding) actual empirical evidence that can support this. After these results are published, other scientists should be able to follow the same steps and replicate the results. Without this, the theory or law cannot be widely accepted in the scientific community.

In this Funzim article we will investigate the top 8 laws and theories that everyone really should know – especially those who have an interest in scientific development. We will begin with a few relatively simple ideas, and end with one to tax your brains!

Next: The first in our list, the scientific law that describes the very motion of the planet you are sitting on reading this.

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